NCF 2022: In the draft of National Curriculum Framework i.e. NCF, it has been said to start vocational education i.e. professional training from class 6 itself. This has been explained in detail in the 628 page draft of NCF. Simply put, the training that is currently being imparted in ITIs is planned to start from class 6 onwards.
It is believed that this will increase interest in new work among school children. Due to this, a lot of changes will also come in the career of the students from the very beginning. According to the draft NCF, three groups of vocational education have been created in the school system.
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First agriculture sector, second manufacturing sector and third service sector. All three sectors will be helpful in growing plants and animal husbandry, use of equipment and machines for production and skill development to work with people.
Who will get training?
Under nature-related vocational education, children from classes 6 to 8 will be involved in activities related to growing vegetables, gardens, etc., while students from classes 9 to 12 will learn floriculture, dairy, farming, etc. Under the vocation related to machines and tools, it is proposed to teach handicrafts of paper, clay, wood and cloth to middle school children.
Students from VI to VIII who are interested in tailoring will get training like sewing clothes using scissors, sewing machine, carpentry and pottery to prepare wooden products. Whereas students of secondary level will get advanced training in tailoring, carpentry etc. along with welding. Will be able to learn the course.
Students will also learn this
In vocational training related to service sector, there will be emphasis on developing communication and interpersonal skills in children. Middle school children will be trained to work as assistants in nursing homes and shops to understand how to interact with patients and customers, while vocational training in housekeeping and beauty culture will be given at the secondary level .
Middle school children will do one project each from all three vocational groups every year during their studies from 6th to 8th standard. In this way, on completion of middle school, nine projects of the students would have been completed. To develop an understanding, all students are exposed to directly related industries such as nursery management, animal husbandry management, food processing, public health and hygiene, automotive poultry, pest control units and nurseries, mechanic workshops, carpentry workplaces or tailoring units, restaurants, gyms There is a plan to connect it with units like hospital, old age home and beauty parlour. At the end of the year, there will be a skill fair in the school, in which students will showcase their projects.
How much weightage will be given?
It is proposed to keep 2.5 hours a week for vocational training at the middle level and 3 hours for the secondary level. At the time of evaluation, 75% weightage will be given to practical and 25% weightage to theory. It has been argued that students who do not want to pursue higher education will get a good foundation from this training. In middle school itself, children must have understood at least the recognition and maintenance of equipment, machines and workplace and how to work. Secondary students must have understood the use of machines and equipment. Other skills must have also been associated with his life. The intention behind giving two-thirds weightage to practical is that the seriousness of the course-curriculum will remain.