Independence Day 2023: On the auspicious occasion of Independence Day on 15th August, people come together to honour and pay tribute to India’s freedom fighters and leaders who played crucial roles in the struggle for freedom. This year India will celebrate its 77th Independence Day. The day is marked by illuminating major government buildings with fairy lights and flying tricolour flags over homes and other structures. Various media platforms, including radio, print, and online, organize special contests, programs, and articles to commemorate the day. It is a time of national pride and remembrance for the sacrifices made in the pursuit of independence.
On the eve of 15th August Independence Day, the President delivers an important “Address to the Nation.” On the day itself, the Prime Minister of India hoists the Indian flag and delivers a speech at the historic Red Fort in Old Delhi. Across the country, various state capitals host flag-hosting ceremonies and cultural programs that are often attended by numerous schools and organizations, fostering a sense of patriotism and unity.
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Independence Day 2023: History
India endured 200 years of British colonial oppression, beginning in 1757 after their triumph at the Battle of Plassey, which resulted in their control over the country. Subsequently, the East India Company governed India for a century until the Indian rebellion of 1857 led to direct British rule.
In 1885, India’s political landscape saw a milestone with the establishment of the Indian National Congress, the country’s first political party. Post World War I, in 1918, Indian activists strongly advocated for self-rule or “Swaraj,” marking a pivotal moment in India’s struggle for independence.
The British presence in India sparked widespread resentment and uprisings throughout the nation. Consequently, Indian history witnessed numerous retaliations and movements for independence that ultimately compelled the British to leave the country.
In 1929, during a significant meeting in Lahore, the Indian Parliament declared ‘Purna Swaraj’ or full independence for India. After a relentless 190-year struggle, India finally achieved freedom from British rule on August 15, 1947, ending their oppressive regime. Following a series of negotiations between the British government and the Indian Parliament, Lord Mountbatten, the last viceroy of India before independence accepted the proposal.
Independence Day 2023: Significance
Independence Day holds immense significance as it pays tribute to the courage and determination of the freedom fighters who struggled for the nation’s independence. Indian Independence Day is celebrated as a national holiday across the entire country. It serves as a poignant reminder of the numerous sacrifices made by our freedom fighters during the struggle for independence from British rule. The history of our nation is filled with stories of resistance and uprisings led by these valiant individuals, culminating in the ousting of the Britishers and compelling Lord Mountbatten, the Viceroy of India at that time, to grant freedom to the country on August 15, 1947.
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Independence Day 2023: 76th or 77th?
India achieved its hard-fought independence from British rule on August 15, 1947, after over two centuries of struggle. Consequently, India celebrated its first year of independence on August 15, 1948, leading to the conclusion that this year marks the 76th anniversary of freedom.
However, considering the total number of Independence Days observed in India since August 15, 1947, the count would be 77, with that date being considered the first. Hence, India will commemorate its 77th year of independence in 2023, and both arguments hold validity.
Independence Day 2023: Theme
The theme for Independence Day 2023 will be “Nation First, Always First,” and it will be observed as part of the “Azadi ka Amrit Mohatsav” celebrations. The government has planned a series of events under this initiative to honor the diverse cultures of the nation and commemorate this special occasion.
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